1890 – City and South London Railway: London’s first deep-level tube railway opens between King William Street and Stockwell.

1942 – World War II: Second Battle of El Alamein: Disobeying a direct order by Adolf Hitler, General Field Marshal Erwin Rommel leads his forces on a five-month retreat.

1957 – Jackie Wilson’s Reet Petite enters the charts

1958 – No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: IIt’s Only Make Believe by Conway Twitty

1963 – When The Beatles play The Royal Variety Performance in London in front of an audience that includes the Queen Mother and Princess Margaret, John Lennon says, “Will the people in the cheaper seats clap your hands. All the rest of you, rattle your jewelry.”

1966 – The Arno River floods Florence, Italy, to a maximum depth of 6.7 m (22 ft), leaving thousands homeless and destroying millions of masterpieces of art and rare books. Also Venice was submerged on the same day at its record all-time acqua alta of 194 cm.

1972 – Johnny Nash’s I Can See Clearly Now hits #1

1979 – Iran hostage crisis: A mob of Iranians, mostly students, overruns the US embassy in Tehran and takes 90 hostages (53 of whom are American).

1995 – Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated by an extremist Israeli.

2010 – Qantas Flight 32, an Airbus A380, suffers an uncontained engine failure over Indonesia shortly after taking off from Singapore, crippling the jet. The crew manage to safely return to Singapore, saving all 469 passengers and crew.