1871 – Henry Morton Stanley locates missing explorer and missionary, Dr. David Livingstone in Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika, famously greeting him with the words, “Dr. Livingstone, I presume?”

1918 – The Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, Nova Scotia, receives a top-secret coded message from Europe (that would be sent to Ottawa and Washington, D.C.) that said on 11 November 1918, all fighting would cease on land, sea and in the air.

1944 – Lyricist Tim Rice, known for his collaborations with Andrew Lloyd Webber, is born in Amersham, Buckinghamshire, England. He also worked extensively with composer Alan Menken for Walt Disney Studios, including the hit “A Whole New World” from Aladdin. For The Lion King, he partnered with Elton John for “Can You Feel the Love Tonight?”

1958 – Conway Twitty’s “It’s Only Make Believe” hits #1.

1965 – #1 Billboard Pop Hit: “Get Off Of My Cloud” by The Rolling Stones.

1975 – The 729-foot-long freighter SS Edmund Fitzgerald sinks during a storm on Lake Superior, killing all 29 crew on board.

1989 – Germans begin to tear down the Berlin Wall.